Water Service

Incorporated in 1947 Apple Valley Ranchos Water Company, now Liberty Utilities, is an investor owned utility providing quality drinking water to more than 65,000 people within 50 square miles of the Mojave River Basin. With close to 20,000 service connections, over 450 miles of main, 24 wells, 16 emergency generators, 11 storage tanks, 4 booster pump stations and 15 pressure zones, Liberty Utilities continues to ensure reliable delivery of high quality water for all our customers and support the economic prosperity in our region.

Liberty Utilities is a member agency of the Mojave Water Agency (MWA), which purchases imported water from the San Joaquin Sacramento Delta through the State Water Project to replenish the pumped groundwater.

Water quality standards are set and regulated by the California State Department of Public Health (DPH), the US Environmental Protection Agency, and the CPUC. The DPH has primary jurisdiction. As an investor owned utility, Liberty Utilities must meet the same high quality standards as municipalities or county water districts.

Liberty Utilities has a comprehensive emergency preparedness plan that is rehearsed on a regular basis, helpful customer conservation programs and ongoing partnerships with local organizations.

Information on some of our practices and technologies: (Will open as a .pdf file)


As a privately held, investor owned public utility company engaged in the collection, storage, distribution, and sale of water to customers, Liberty Utilities’ operations are regulated by the State of California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC). In addition, Liberty Utilities holds valid permits to serve water from the State of California Board of Health.

Service Area and Map

Liberty Utilities’s service area covers approximately 50 square miles within Apple Valley and Victorville.  The area is primarily a residential community that continues to experience commercial and industrial growth.  The average annual water demand is approximately 6 billion gallons.

Liberty Utilities-ServiceArea


Water Supply 

Liberty Utilities obtains its water supply from the underground aquifers of the Mojave River Basin. Liberty Utilities pumps 100 percent of our source water from 24 deep wells located throughout our community.  These wells draw water from the deep Alto subunit of the basin.  This high quality aquifer is recharged from snowmelt from the San Bernardino Mountains to the south and the Mojave River to the west.

As a member agency of Mojave Water Agency, we purchase imported water from the State Water Project to replenish the pumped groundwater. The Mojave Water Agency (MWA) imports water from the California State Water project to spread in the Mojave River to help recharge the groundwater.In 2003, MWA reached an agreement with the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California (MWD) to store an additional 75,000 acre feet (1 acre foot = approx. 326,000 gallons) of water in the Mojave basin in exchange for MWD to have the right to take an equal amount of water from the State Water Project in the future should there be a significant drought that would reduce imported water to the MWD.  This exchange provides a significant benefit to the high desert community by providing a source of recharge water for the groundwater basin.Some of the water we pump has been age-dated close to 10,000 years old by the United States Geologic Survey.  That means it has been protected and naturally filtered for a very long time.

If you have any questions or concerns about the quality of your water, click here or call 760-247-6484.


Urban Water Management Plan

The California Water Management Planning Act of 1983 (Act), as amended, requires urban water suppliers to develop an Urban Water Management Plan every five years in the years ending in zero and five to ensure a reliable water source sufficient to meet the needs of its customers during normal, single dry or multiple dry years.

The California legislature declared that

  • waters of the state are a limited and renewable resource subject to ever increasing demands
  • the conservation and efficient use of urban water supplies are of statewide concern
  • successful implementation of plans is best accomplished at the local level
  • conservation and efficient use of water shall be actively pursued to protect both the people of the state and their water resources
  • conservation and efficient use of urban water supplies shall be a guiding criterion in public decisions
  • urban water suppliers shall be required to develop water management plans to achieve conservation and efficient use.

Liberty Utilities’s 2015 UWMP The final Urban Water Management Plan was adopted June 15, 2016 in compliance with the act.

This UWMP serves as a general, flexible, and open-ended document that is periodically updated to reflect changes in the water supply trends, and water use efficiency policies. This Plan, along with other planning documents, will be used by Liberty Utilities’s staff to guide water use and management efforts through the year 2015, when the UWMP is required to be updated.